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 Qom today

 

Today, Qom is considered as one of the focal centers of the Shiite sect both in Iran and around the globe. Its theological center and the Holy Shrine of Hazrat Ma'soomeh are prominent features of the provincial capital of Qom province.
Another religious site of pilgrimage is outside the city of Qom, and is called Jamkaran. Qom's proximity to Tehran has given it an advantage as well.
Qom has at times again been considered as a possible candidate for moving the political capital of Iran, as Tehran faces an increasing probability of an overdue major earthquake, aside from its notorious pollution and traffic congestion. The conservative factions are favorable to this idea while the business and economic base of Tehran opposes any such moves.
Major Colleges and Universities of Qom include:

  • University of Qom
  • Mofid University
  • Islamic Azad University of Qom
  • The Research Institute of Hawzeh va Daneshgah
  • Computer Research Center of Islamic Sciences
  • Imam Khomeini Education Institute
  • Qom University of Medical Sciences
  • Qom's Feyzieh Seminary (called The Hawzah)
  • Payam Noor University of Qom
Today, Qom is counted as one of the focal centers of the Shi'a both in Iran and around the globe. Since the revolution the clerical population has risen from around 25,000 to more than 45,000 and the nonnclerical population has more than tripled to about 700,000. Substantial sums of money in the form of alms and Islamic taxes flow into Qom to the ten marja-i taqlid or "Source of Imitation" that reside there. The number of seminary schools in Qom is now over 50, and the number of research institutes and libraries somewhere near 250.
Its theological center and the Fatima al-Masumeh Shrine are prominent features of the provincial capital of Qom province. Another very popular religious site of pilgrimage formerly outside the city of Qom but now more of a suburb is called Jamkaran.
Qom's proximity to Tehran, Iran's capital, has allowed the clerical establishment easy access to monitor the affairs and decisions of state. Many grand ayatollahs hold offices in both Tehran and Qom; many people simply commute between the two cities as they are only 100 km apart.
Qom is currently the largest center for Shi'a scholarship in the world. There are an estimated 50,000 seminarians in the city coming from 70 countries including 6000 from Pakistan. Qom has seminaries for women and some non-Shia students. Most of the seminaries teach their students modern social sciences and Western thought as well as traditional religious studies.
Major clerical associations of Qom include:
  • Assembly of Qom Seminary Scholars and Researchers.
  • Qom Seminary Scholars Association.

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