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  Introduction

 

QOM province has an area of 11,237 km², covering 0.89% of the total area in Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its provincial capital is the city of Qom. It was formed from part of Tehran province in 1995. The province has an estimated population of approximately 2,100,000 out of which 91 % resided in urban areas and 9 % in rural vicinities. The province contains one city, four counties, nine rural districts, and 256 villages.
Qom central coordination locates in 34.6456°N 50.8798°E.
Uniquely in Iran, Qom Province is coextensive with the county of Qom.
Qom lies 156 kilometers (97 mi) by road southwest of Tehran and is the capital of Qom Province. It has an estimated population of 1,100,000. It is situated on the banks of the Qom River.
Qom is considered holy by Shi`a Islam, as it is the site of the shrine of Fatema M?'sume, sister of Imam `Ali ibn Musa Rida (Persian Imam Reza, 789–816 A.D.). The city is the largest center for Shi'a scholarship in the world, and is a significant destination of pilgrimage.
Qom province faces Tehran to the North, Isfahan to the South, Markazi to the west and Semnan and salt lake to the East.
South East of Qom is the ancient city of Kashan. Directly south of Qom lie the towns of Delijan, Mahallat, Naraq, Kahak, and Jasb. The surrounding area to the east of Qom is populated by Tafresh, Saveh, and Ashtianand Jafarieh.

1.2. Geography and Climate

The climate of Qom province varies between a desert and semi-desert climate, and comprises mountainous areas, foothills and plains. Due to being located near an arid region and far inland, it experiences a dry climate, with low humidity and scanty rainfall. Thus, agriculture is not possible in most of its areas, especially near the salt lake regions. Qom province has two large salt lakes, namely: Howz e Soltan Lake, which lies 36 km due north of Qom. and Namak Lake, which lies 80 km due east of Qom. Nearly a fifth of Namak Lake lies within Qom province.
Over 75 percent of the province is covered by low height pampas's, directing to the East. The average temperature varies from 13 to 20 from East to West and average rainfalls from 125 to 260 mm.

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