province has an area of 11,237 km², covering 0.89% of the total area in
Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its provincial capital is
the city of Qom. It was formed from part of Tehran province in 1995. The
province has an estimated population of approximately 2,100,000 out of
which 91 % resided in urban areas and 9 % in rural vicinities. The
province contains one city, four counties, nine rural districts, and 256
Qom central coordination locates in 34.6456°N 50.8798°E.
Uniquely in Iran, Qom Province is coextensive with the county of Qom.
Qom lies 156 kilometers (97 mi) by road southwest of Tehran and is
the capital of Qom Province. It has an estimated population of
1,100,000. It is situated on the banks of the Qom River.
Qom is considered holy by Shi`a Islam, as it is the site of the
shrine of Fatema M?'sume, sister of Imam `Ali ibn Musa Rida (Persian
Imam Reza, 789–816 A.D.). The city is the largest center for Shi'a
scholarship in the world, and is a significant destination of
Qom province faces Tehran to the North, Isfahan to the South, Markazi to the west and Semnan and salt lake to the East.
South East of Qom is the ancient city of Kashan. Directly south of
Qom lie the towns of Delijan, Mahallat, Naraq, Kahak, and Jasb. The
surrounding area to the east of Qom is populated by Tafresh, Saveh, and
The climate of Qom province varies between a desert and semi-desert
climate, and comprises mountainous areas, foothills and plains. Due to
being located near an arid region and far inland, it experiences a dry
climate, with low humidity and scanty rainfall. Thus, agriculture is not
possible in most of its areas, especially near the salt lake regions.
Qom province has two large salt lakes, namely: Howz e Soltan Lake, which
lies 36 km due north of Qom. and Namak Lake, which lies 80 km due east
of Qom. Nearly a fifth of Namak Lake lies within Qom province.
Over 75 percent of the province is covered by low height pampas's,
directing to the East. The average temperature varies from 13 to 20 from
East to West and average rainfalls from 125 to 260 mm.